7%) ant(3″ )-Ia – ant(2″ )-Ia 2 2 (14 3%) 0 0 0 Discussion This s

7%) ant(3″ )-Ia – ant(2″ )-Ia 2 2 (14.3%) 0 0 0 Discussion This study presents comparative information about the microbiological characteristics of two groups of multiresistant clinical isolates of E. coli (producing or not producing ESBL, respectively), recovered in the same geographical and temporal context. Analysis of Rep-PCR shows a wide clonal distribution among Ec-ESBL isolates and to

this website a lesser extent among Ec-MRnoB isolates. This variability indicates that, in our area, multiresistance in E. coli is not always caused by the expansion of only one or a few clones, but it is often caused by the presence of multiple independent strains. The diversity of E. coli strains producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamase has been previously reported in a nationwide study in Spain [18]. In addition, Y-27632 manufacturer MLST also showed evidences of small clusters of strains

belonging to clonal complexes 354, 10 and 23 or to the sequence types 131, 224, 648 and 117. All these clonal groups have been previously described [19–21] as involved in the spread of certain genes coding for ESBLs and other resistance mechanisms. Isolates belonging to the ST354Cplx have been related worldwide to the spread of ESBLs of the CTX-M family, associated with the presence of plasmids of different incompatibility groups [19, 22]. In Spain, Mora et al. [19] have reported an increased prevalence of strains of ST354 producing CTX-M-14. However, in our study, the ST354 isolates do not produce an ESBL. The ESBL-producing isolates of the ST10Cplx contained either IncK or IncI1 plasmids, as also described by other authors [23]. IncI1 plasmids have previously been identified in strains of human origin (both in patients and GSK3235025 in vivo carriers) and in the commensal bacterial flora of diseased animals [24].

PtdIns(3,4)P2 ST10Cplx isolates were also identified among non-ESBL detected in our study, but they did not contain IncI1 plasmids. It has been previously demonstrated that E. coli O25:H4-ST131 is associated to the pandemic dissemination of the CTX-M-15 enzyme but this clone was also prevalent in healthy subjects from different European countries [1]. In a recent study on 100 consecutive extraintestinal E. coli isolates cultured in 2009, the ST131 clone represented 9% of all E. coli and about 25% of all multiresistant isolates in our centre [25]. In the current study, ST131 strains were also identified in both Ec-ESBL and Ec-MRnoB isolates. CTX-M-14 was the most frequent ESBL identified in our Ec-ESBL isolates. In most cases the gene coding for this enzyme was in IncK plasmids and less frequently in an IncI1 plasmid, in agreement with a previous Spanish report [23]. Moreover, the IncK plasmids identified in this study showed identical restriction patterns (Figure 3), which suggest that the transmission of CTX-M-14 in our sanitary area is due to a specific plasmid belonging to this incompatibility group.

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