A number of

A number of Navitoclax mw studies done in multispecialty hospitals or urban centres have reasons other than infections, as a major cause of AKI, with AKI developing in ICU or during hospitalisation. In non urban areas, AKI is linked with occurrence of endemic diseases apart from other causes –in short, its occurrence can get” seasonal”- almost becoming an epidemic at that time of the year. In our study, done in a nephrology set up in a semi urban tribal area, we looked into all the aspects related to AKI and the outcomes

associated with it. Methods: This was a prospective study of 480 patients during a period of 3 years from 2010–2012. All patients with AKI referred to our center (as per the RIFLE criteria) were included. The etiologies were diverse – infectious diseases like malaria, enteric fever forming the major

chunk, along with obstructive uropathy as the other major cause. BMN 673 manufacturer We recorded the time to referral for nephrology opinion, the number of dialysis sittings required, the number of patients with AKI needing ICU care and those who needed RRT, apart from the relevant lab tests. Results: Out of 480 patients, a total of (42 %) 201 patients had anuria to start with. The renal function tests of all the patients were recorded, along with other tests. 27% (n = 130) of the patients had diabetes mellitus and hypertension as co morbid conditions. Cardiac rhythm disturbances were also observed in 23 % (n = 42) of the patients with malaria. A total of 42% (n = 201) patients needed ICU care. The overall mortality

was 12 % (n = 57). The average sittings of dialysis to recovery were 11 (range 3–20 sittings) .8 patients needed renal biopsy for various reasons. 4% (n = 20) progressed this website to chronic kidney disease, 97% (n = 410) of patients were discharged with normal or near normal serum creatinine. Conclusion: Infectitious diseases form the major chunk of causes for AKI in our country though, amongst them AKI due to diarrhoeal diseases has reduced. Malaria continues to be endemic. Amongst non infectious causes, obstructive uropathy /surgical causes are the maximum, who recovered completely. The patients who were referred earlier had a shorter hospitalisation and lesser morbidity. Those who had hypotension and anuria on presentation took longer to recover and had a prolonged stay in the hospital. GHEISSARI ALALEH1, MERRIKHI ALIREZA2, ZIAEE MONA3 1Isfahan University of Medical sciences; 2Isfahan University of Medical sciences; 3Isfahan University of Medical Sciences Introduction: Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a common type of kidney disease in children characterized by massive proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia and edema. Response to therapy can be affected by factors like pathologic views, genetic and clinical manifestations. The incidence of genetic mutations is different in variant geographic locations and races. Response to nephrotic syndrome treatment can be influenced by some mutations in WT1 and NPHS2 genes.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>