Age of the mare, date of surgery, gestational age, duration of colic at admission, packed cell volume at admission, surgical diagnosis, duration of general anaesthesia, intraoperative hypotension, intraoperative hypoxaemia and post operative signs of endotoxaemia were recorded. A mare was considered to have a live foal if that foal was registered with the North American Jockey Club. Results Of the 228 mares, where pregnancy had been confirmed, 152 (66.7%) had a live foal registered after surgery. Mares bred <40
days before surgery had a lower foaling rate compared with mares undergoing surgery 40 days after breeding: 48.7% vs. 69.8% (odds ratio [OR] = 0.41 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.200.83], P = selleck screening library 0.012). Foaling rate was also influenced by mare’s age (P = 0.008) and duration of colic signs before surgery (P = 0.03). Conclusions The prognosis for a live foal after colic surgery in the pregnant Thoroughbred mare is significantly better if the mare is 15 years of age and 40 days of gestation. Potential relevance The results of this study are useful for clinicians offering a prognosis for a live foal following colic surgery in pregnant mares.”
“The genus Liagora is broadly defined and incorporates species with diverse carposporophyte developmental patterns, including species having compact gonimoblasts with discrete involucral filaments and
species having diffuse gonimoblasts with intermingling involucral filaments and fused or unfused carpogonial branches. Cell Cycle inhibitor In order to clarify the phylogenetic significance of these patterns of cystocarp development, we inferred the species relationships of Liagora with diffuse gonimoblasts and related genera from the northwestern Pacific Ocean, based on rbcL sequence analysis. Molecular analyses demonstrated that Liagora is
polyphyletic and the species currently recognized are clustered in three distinct clades. We revise the taxonomy by presenting new genera for two of these clades. The clade containing the generitype, L. viscida retains the name Liagora. The second clade, containing Liagora perennis, is described as Macrocarpus gen. nov. The third clade, for which we propose the new genus Neoizziella, SCH727965 nmr contains Neoizziella asiatica sp. nov. and N. divaricata comb. nov. (basionym: Liagora divaricata C. K. Tseng). Neoizziella is characterized by morphologically similar, intermingling involucral and gonimoblast filaments, carpogonial branch cells that remain discrete, and small, undivided carposporangia. In contrast, Macrocarpus has larger, divided carposporangia, in addition to diffuse gonimoblasts with unfused carpogonial branches. The genera Akalaphycus and Stenopeltis, which also possess diffuse gonimoblasts, can be separated from these genera by a combination of cortical and carpogonial features.”
“AIM: To determine the pathomorphological and clinical background to decerebrate posturing in humans following serious traumatic brain injury.