As indicated before, the main reason for the deviations is most probably the variation in the yield biomass/glucose and the choice of simple rate laws. Table 5 summarizes the simulated and the experimental data for growth rate and the two uptake rates. Plot B in Figure 8
shows the relationship between PtsG and the degree of phosphorylation of EIIA. Table 5 Summary of the simulation results. Comparison between measured quantities and simulated quantities for experiments 1–7. First column: growth rate μ. μ is given in 1/h. Second and third columns: uptake rates via non-PTS download catalog system and … 2.5. Discussion Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical Mathematical modeling can be a powerful tool to analyze systems that are hardly observable. Here, we use a simple core model for glycolysis of E. coli to predict semi-quantitatively the steady state behavior for central metabolites in dependence Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical on the growth rate (for downloading all files
and comments see information given in the Appendix). Glycolysis is an important reaction system since some of the metabolites such as fructose-1,6-bisphosphate, PEP and pyruvate are closely related to signalling units that trigger the important transcription factors FruR and Crp. While experimental data for metabolite concentrations  and mathematical models  are available for specific situations—normally Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical covering one single growth rate—meantime complete data sets for a broad range of growth rates are scarce. More complete models for central Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical metabolsim were presented [20,21], however, a quantitative comparison with experimental data is missing. Therefore, these models are not suited
for a fair comparison. In  a detailed mathematical model similar to a model published by us  was presented but failed to predict genetic modifications. A comparison of modeling approaches and a presentation of the current “state of the art” on this topic can be found in . To summarize, mathematical models to describe carbohydrate uptake and metabolism are available, but fail in reproducing experimental data or fail in predicting new experiments. In previous studies, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical we already analyzed the input/output relationship to describe a characteristic curve that relates growth rate for a number of carbohydrates Drug_discovery and the degree of phosphorylation of EIIA, an important metabolite of the PTS. Other groups focus on structural properties of the same system  or on the relationship between control, metabolites and fluxes through the system . In this study, new experimental data is presented to extend our current model by taking into account the transcription factor activities, and experiments that are designed to modify the already available input/output characteristic curves in such a way that kinetic parameters can be estimated with higher accuracy are performed. Here, a strain is used that allows adjusting the level of the main glucose uptake system, namely PtsG, with IPTG as inducer.