Human mesenchymal stem cells showed good adherence onto pHMG-CL films as compared to the more hydrophobic PCL surfaces. The cells survived and were able to differentiate toward osteogenic lineage on pHMG-CL surfaces. This study shows that the aforementioned hydrophilic polymers are attractive candidates for the design of scaffolds for tissue engineering applications.”
“Human chromosome region 10q23-24 is one of the most frequently found regions that show loss of
heterozygosity in prostate cancers. A candidate tumor suppressor LAPSER1/LZTS2 (LAPSER1) is located in 10q24.3 that has been CH5183284 reported to be deleted as frequently as the neighboring PTEN locus. We previously reported that LAPSER1 binds p80 katanin, a subunit of the katanin heterodimer. In this report, we show that the LAPSER1 C terminal domain inhibits katanin-mediated microtubule severing in vitro and we detected this inhibition at centrosomes by tracing the nucleated de novo, severed, and transported microtubules in cells. This functional association GSK1904529A concentration is also supported by the intracellular localization. Centrosomal localization of LAPSER1 was independent of microtubules and was preferential to mother centrioles. In primary cultured neurons, LAPSER1 also colocalizes with p80 katanin. LAPSER1 alters cell proliferation by regulating cytokinesis. As subcellular mechanisms that
underlie the tumor suppressive activity, exogenous LAPSER1 expression inhibited central spindle formation by abrogating microtubule transportation and a similar mode of inhibition was found in axogenesis. Katanin knockdown and dominant negative inhibitor of katanin provided similar phenotypes. Prophase LAPSER1 inhibited centrosomal gamma-tubulin accumulation, which resulted in retardation of mitotic entry. Furthermore, interphase inhibition of katanin by LAPSER1 expression
resulted in prevention of cell motility that was accompanied by the increased acetylated microtubules. LAPSER1 knockdown increased cell migration that was inhibited by the expression of ninein, a microtubule release inhibitor. These results indicate that microtubule severing at centrosomes is a novel tumor-associated molecular subcircuit in cells, in which LAPSER1 is a regulator.”
“SlyD (sensitive to lysis D) is a nickel AZD7762 manufacturer metallochaperone involved in the maturation of [NiFe]-hydrogenases in Escherichia coli (E. coli) and specifically contributes to the nickel delivery step during enzyme biosynthesis. This protein contains a C-terminal metal-binding domain that is rich in potential metal-binding residues that enable SlyD to bind multiple nickel ions with high affinity. The SlyD homolog from Thermus thermophilus does not contain the extended cysteine- and histidine-rich C-terminal tail of the E. coli protein, yet it binds a single Ni(II) ion tightly.