“Objective: This study
examined the strength of the therapeutic alliance in the early stages of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for the eating disorders, and whether the strength of that allianceis associated with early eating characteristics, comorbid Axis 1 and 2 features.\n\nMethod: Forty-four eating-disordered patients completed measures of eating and Axis 1 and 2 characteristics at the start of therapy, and measures www.selleckchem.com/products/Cyclopamine.html of the therapeutic alliance and eating characteristics at the sixth session of CBT.\n\nResults: The therapeutic alliance was strong, including in the domain of attachment. It was unrelated to initial eating pathology and early changes in eating cognitions and behaviors. However, there were links between initial emotional and interpersonal features and therapeutic alliance by the sixth session.\n\nDiscussion: The findings counter suggestions that CBT for eating disorders 5-Fluoracil is characterized by a poor therapeutic relationship. The therapeutic alliance is likely to be enhanced by addressing high levels of emotional distress and difficulties in interpersonal function where appropriate. This research needs to be extended to other therapies, other domains of function and different time points in therapy, to build a fuller picture of the role of the therapeutic relationship in working with the eating disorders. (C) 2011 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.”
“Background and purposeThe ankle-brachial
index (ABI) has been defined as an important factor associated with vascular Z-IETD-FMK Apoptosis inhibitor events. Our objective was to analyze the prognostic value of the ABI as a predictive factor of new vascular events and functional status at 1year in patients with non-cardioembolic ischaemic stroke. MethodsA prospective, longitudinal, observational and multicenter study was performed, including
consecutive patients 50years old who had suffered from a non-cardioembolic ischaemic stroke. Pathological ABI (PI) was defined when the value was 0.9. The logistic regression model, survival analysis and the Cox proportional hazard regression model were used to identify factors independently associated with functional outcome and occurrence of new vascular events, including recurrent stroke. ResultsIn all, 977 patients were evaluated. The mean age was 69.19.5 years. 40.5% patients had PI. Stroke recurrence and new vascular events global rates were 9% and 20% respectively at 1year. PI was independently associated with new vascular events [hazard ratio 1.764 (1.274-2.444), P=0.001]. A cut-off point of ABI0.8 (14% vs. 7%, P=0.002) independently predicted stroke recurrence in an adjusted regression model [hazard ratio 1.807 (1.102-2.963), P=0.019]. PI was also associated with functional dependence [odds ratio 1.490 (1.011-2.196), P=0.044]. ConclusionsIn non-cardioembolic ischaemic stroke patients, PI was an independent predictive factor of new vascular events and functional outcome after 1year of follow-up.