The ability of

The ability of the ADEOS index to predict discontinuation was evaluated by calculating the relative risks of treatment discontinuation of patients by ADEOS

category. The analysis was replicated in the subgroup of patients with recent treatment initiation (<1 year). Other potential predictors of discontinuation were also investigated using univariate logistic regressions: age, professional status, level of education, fracture history, polymedication, length of diagnosis, and treatment duration (more than 6 months vs. less than 6 months). Statistical analysis Two study populations were considered in the analysis, a total study population, and an ADEOS study population. The total study population corresponded to all patients included in the study. The ADEOS study population was arbitrarily defined as all patients who had returned an exploitable ADEOS questionnaire with at least 23 (i.e. half) of the 45 items completed. Missing data were not replaced, and these were taken into account for the calculation of percentages. Categorical variables were compared with the χ 2 test or Fisher’s exact test, as appropriate. Quantitative variables were compared using Student’s t test or analysis of variance (ANOVA) if these were normally distributed, otherwise with the Mann–Whitney-Wilcoxon test or the Kruskall–Wallis test as appropriate. In order to generate the final questionnaire, all items in the 45-item

questionnaire were tested for their association with adherence measured with the MMAS score. Those items showing a significant association at a probability value of 0.05 (Mann–Whitney Y-27632 2HCl U test for dichotomous variables and Kruskall–Wallis test for Likert scales) were retained in the final questionnaire. The performance of the adherence index to discriminate between two patient groups was tested in the validation set using Receiver-Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves. Data were controlled, validated and analysed centrally. The analyses were performed using SAS® software version 9.1.3 for Windows (SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA). Results Study sample A total of 560 patients were included in the study by 228 GPs. For these

patients, Web-based case report forms were completed on-line and this thus constituted the total study population and the physician population. All patients were provided with ADEOS and MMAS questionnaires to complete and return. ADEOS questionnaires were returned by 350 patients (62.5%), and these were exploitable for 348 patients who constituted the ADEOS study population. The ADEOS study population was RG-7388 divided into a modelling set (N = 200) and a validation set (N = 148). The completion rate of the questionnaire was acceptable, with 194 patients (55.7%) filling in the entire questionnaire and 327 (93.4%) completing at least 42 of the 45 proposed items. The mean number of missing items was 1.2 ± 3.1. Two items accounted for completion failure in over 30% of patients.

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