The as-obtained Ag/H-TiO2-NTAs exhibited strong visible-light absorption capability, high photocurrent density, and enhanced photoelectrocatalytic
(PEC) activity toward photoelectrocatalytic hydrogen evolution under visible-light irradiation (lambda bigger than 420 nm). The enhancement in the photoelectric conversion efficiency and activity was ascribed to the synergistic effects of silver and the unique hierarchical structures of TiO2 nanotube arrays, strong SPR effect, and anti-shielding effect of ultrafine Ag QDs.”
“The prevalence of adolescent anemia, iron deficiency and thalassemia MI-503 purchase were examined in 2 provinces of northeast Thailand. Blood specimens were collected from adolescent subjects aged 15-17 years in 2 areas; 185 (85 males and 100 females) in Mukdahan province and 313 (116 males and 197 females) in Roi-Et. RBC parameters, serum ferritin levels, Hb and DNA analyses for the identification of common thalassemia genes in Thailand were investigated. The prevalences of anemia were found to be 21.1% (8.1 in male VX-770 price and 13.0 in female) and 16.6% (8.9 in male
and 7.7 in female) in Mukdahan and Roi-Et province, respectively. Iron deficiency was observed to be 24.3% in Mukdahan and 14.7% in Roi-Et. Various types of thalassemia were identified in 62.2 and 58.8% of the subject populations, respectively. The proportions of iron deficiency, thalassemia and combined thalassemia and iron deficiency among anemic subjects were 10.2, 53.8 and 30.8% in Mukdahan, and 7.7, 67.3 and 9.6% in Roi-Et. Hematological characteristics were analyzed and are presented. It is Vorinostat price concluded that thalassemia
and hemoglobinopathies rather than iron deficiency are major causes of adolescent anemia which should be taken into account in public health strategies for the control of anemia in the region. Copyright (C) 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“Acidic-alkaline stresses caused by ischemia and hypoglycemia induce neuronal cell death resulting from intracellular pH disturbance. The effects of acidic-alkaline disturbance on the trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons of the embryonic mouse were investigated by caspase-3-immunohistochemistry and Nissl staining. TG neurons exhibited apoptosis in 3.08 +/- A 0.55% of neurons in intact embryos at day 16. Intraperitoneal injection of alkaline solution (pH 8.97; 0.005-0.1 M K(2)HPO(4) or 0.01-0.04 M KOH) into the embryo at embryonic day 15 significantly increased the number of apoptotic neurons in the TG at embryonic day 16 with dependence on concentration (3.40-6.05 and 2.93-5.55%, respectively). On the other hand, acidic solutions (pH 4.4; 0.01-0.2 M KH(2)PO(4)) slightly, but not significantly, increased the number of apoptotic cells (3.64-5.15%, without dependence on concentration). Neutral solutions (pH 7.4; 0.01-0.2 M potassium phosphate buffer) had no effect on neuronal survival in the TG (2.89-3.48%).