The single layer polymer solar cell (PSC) fabricated with a device structure of ITO/PEDOT:PSS/P(BDT-TDPPDT) or P(BDTT-TDPPDT):PC70BM+DIO/Al offers a maximum power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 6.74% and 6.57%, respectively. The high photovoltaic parameters such as fill factor (approximate to 72%), open circuit voltage (V-oc, approximate to 0.90 V), incident photon to collected electron efficiency Cilengitide clinical trial (approximate to 76%), and PCE obtained for the PSCs made from polymers P(BDT-TDPPDT) and P(BDTT-TDPPDT) make them as promising large band gap polymeric candidates for PSC application. (c) 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem.
2014, 52, 3564-3574″
“Maned wolves are large canids currently considered vulnerable to extinction due to habitat loss. They are still commonly found within the urban mesh inside the Brazilian Federal District (Distrito Federal-DF), in nearby Protected Areas (PAs), and in surrounding farms. We evaluated the
genetic diversity of maned wolves in three PAs of the DF, using both invasive and noninvasive techniques to obtain DNA that was later amplified for five microsatellite markers. We sampled 23 wolves: 10 with the noninvasive method, three captured in traps, six road-killed, and four rescued in urban areas. In Aguas Emendadas Ecological Station (ESECAE) we also used samples from six specimens captured between 1997 and 1998 for a temporal comparison. For maned wolves, non-invasive techniques are affordable and easier to conduct in the field, while laboratory costs are much lower for invasive samples. Selleckchem HDAC inhibitor Hence, a sampling strategy combining both techniques may provide an interesting approach for molecular ecology studies requiring comprehensive coverage of local individuals.
On the basis of such integrated sampling scheme, www.selleckchem.com/products/4egi-1.html our analyses indicated that none of the investigated populations currently present deviations from Hardy-Weinberg expectations or indication of inbreeding. Furthermore, in ESECAE there was no reduction in genetic diversity during the last 9 years. Overall, maned wolves did not present evidence of genetic structuring among the three sampled PAs. These results thus indicate that individual exchange among PAs is still occurring at sufficient rates to avoid differentiation, and/or that the recent fragmentation in the region has not yet produced measurable effects in the genetic diversity of maned wolves.”
“Chromosomal integration of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is a novel situation found in a small percentage of individuals. While active HHV-6 infection is treatable using antivirals, the abnormally high level of HHV-6 DNA found in chromosomal integration of HHV-6 (Cl-HHV-6) is not affected by such drugs. Stored DNA samples taken originally for detection of fusion genes and minimal residual disease from 339 pediatric patients treated for leukemia in the Czech Republic between the years 1995-2007 were tested retrospectively.