Therefore, the efficacy is tested at rather high doses, which, in

Therefore, the efficacy is tested at rather high doses, which, in the case of SSRIs particularly, may not be necessary. This method encourages the clinicians to use the maximum tolerated dose rather than the minimal effective dose. In studies with fixed-dose design, higher doses are started abruptly, most often without gradual

escalation, or with a short titration time, unlike in clinical practice. Thus, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical early discontinuation could be expected because there may be more side effects in the higher dosage group. For those dropouts, the possibility of good subsequent response cannot be excluded. This can lead to a discrepancy between the results for the ITT and completer cases analyses. In addition, the clinical response to antidepressants is not observed immediately. In some patients, more than 3 weeks are required before an improvement in symptoms becomes obvious, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical while side effects appear soon after starting treatment. A final point is that, in clinical trials, patients represent a carefully selected cohort in order to ensure Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical comparable baseline populations. In clinical practice, patients often have affective disorders with more comorbid conditions and are likely to receive more complex drug regimens. Determination of response is highly individual and does not necessarily

correspond to that performed under controlled clinical trial conditions. Clinical implications The studies that have evaluated the dose-response relationship of SSRIs and SNRIs have been equivocal, with considerable difficulties in establishing a clear optimal dose or dose range in the treatment of major depression. Clinicians who increase Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical the dose of an SSRI in an early nonresponder or partial responder, ie, before at least 3 weeks at fixed dose, and then Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical see improvement may conclude that the subsequent response proved that

the patient needed a higher dose. However, it may be that the patient simply needed a longer time on the drug to achieve the response. This issue was confirmed by three prospective studies on dose augmentation.41-43 This casts doubt on Anacetrapib the customary practice of increasing dosage when there is nonresponse early in treatment, according to dose-adjusted trial designs reported between 1980 and 2004. The majority of selleckbio depressed patients should be treated with a low dosage of SSRIs and SNRI, generally corresponding to one tablet per day. Increasing the dose may CC5013 perhaps be beneficial for some patients with depression, in particular those with severe depression. An antidepressant for which this strategy may be relevant, in order to increase the number of responders, is venlafaxine. Although this has not been often studied, if higher dosages are required, they will be better tolerated if achieved through dose titration.

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