Experiments in mice demonstrated that the mutant strain was less

Experiments in mice demonstrated that the mutant strain was less virulent than the parental strain and that it induced a significant immune response in a mouse model when administered intraperitoneally. This may pave the way for developing a live attenuated SEZ-Cap

vaccine that induces protective immunity against both SEZ and PCV2. Further research in pigs is required to confirm protective levels and safety of this vaccine. This study was supported by the National Swine Industry Technology System Foundation (CARS-36), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 20110490971) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 30871772). Z.W. and Q.F. contributed equally to this paper. “
“Campylobacter-specific bacteriophages (phages) R788 molecular weight are considered as an alternative intervention strategy to decrease the level of poultry contamination with Campylobacter, a leading cause of gastroenteritis worldwide. Eradication efficiency depends primarily on phage-host interaction mediated by phage tail-spike proteins and bacterial receptors. ACP-196 purchase Here, this interaction was characterised using tail-spike gene sequence

analysis, phage neutralisation by antiserum and host range analysis of newly isolated group III Campylobacter phages with 68 Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli strains. Three different groups of phages were obtained using antibody neutralisation assay, and they were further divided according to polymorphisms observed within tail fibre sequences and host range. Only moderate congruence was observed between these criteria with notable exception of two phages. The infection relied on capsule in all phages isolated, and flagella

were found to influence phage propagation on agar plates, but not in broth. Their specificity was more C. jejuni oriented with tendency to lyse human isolates more efficiently. Additionally, natural resistance of C. jejuni to phages did not correlate with their antibiotic resistance patterns. These findings provide new insights into Campylobacter–phage interaction. “
“Vibrio tapetis is the etiological agent of brown ring disease (BRD) Oxymatrine in clams. Phenotypic, antigenic and genetic variability have been demonstrated, with three groups being established associated with host origin. In this work we analyze the variability of representative strains of these three groups, CECT 4600T and GR0202RD, isolated from Manila clam and carpet-shell clam, respectively, and HH6087, isolated from halibut, on the basis of the whole proteome analysis by 2D-PAGE and multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA). A quantitative analysis of the proteome match coefficient showed a similarity of 79% between the clam isolates, whereas fish isolate showed similarities lower than 70%. A preliminary mass spectrometry (MS) assay allowed the identification of 27 proteins including 50S ribosomal protein L9, riboflavin synthase β subunit, ribose-phosphate pyrophosphokinase and succinyl-CoA synthase α subunit.

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