(Recommendation 1 A). In case of large perforated ulcers, concomitant severe bleeding or stricture,
resective gastro-duodenal surgery may be required. The need for resection is established buy eFT-508 by surgeon based on intraoperative findings (Recommendation 1 B). In case of small perforated gastroduodenal peptic ulcer, no significant differences in immediate postoperative course were A-769662 molecular weight reported after simple closure or definitive surgery [84–87]. Different suture techniques for simple closure of the perforation were described: simple closure by interrupted sutures  simple closure by interrupted sutures covered with pedicled omentoplasty, closure with a pedicled omental plug drawn into the perforation  and finally closure with a free omental patch . Many patients in the published studies received omental patch repair rather
than simple suture, but there was nearly no comparative evidence available to decide which repair technique is superior. A trial by Lau and coll. compared patch repair with fibrin sealing without finding any differences . After closure alone, long term recurrence rate of peptic ulcer was significantly higher than after definitive surgery [92–95]. Eradication of Helicobacter pylori after simple closure and omental patch for perforated duodenal and gastric ulcers prevents recurrence. To determine SAHA HDAC datasheet whether eradication of Helicobacter pylori could reduce the risk of ulcer recurrence after simple closure of perforated duodenal ulcer, a randomized controlled trial was conducted by Ng and coll. . After 1 year, ulcer relapse was significantly less common in patients treated with anti-Helicobacter therapy than in those who received omeprazole alone (4.8% vs. 38.1%). The first two cases of primary gastric resection for ulcer perforation were described by von Haberer as early in 1919 . The method was used extensively for several decades
but it is now rarely used for treatment of ulcer perforation. The role of resectional surgery Olopatadine in case of perforated peptic gastroduodenal disease is not well established; many reports advocate gastrectomy only in selected patients, in case of large gastric perforations, with concomitant severe bleeding or stricture [98–101]. Laparoscopic repair of perforated peptic ulcer is safe and effective in centers with experience (Recommendation 1 A). The p.o. outcome of laparoscopic approach does not significantly differ from that of open surgery, except for lower analgesic p.o. request. In all studies the patients had small ulcers (mean diameter 1 cm) and all patients received simple suture, mostly with omental patch, or sutureless repair. No experience was reported with emergency laparoscopic resection or laparoscopic repair of large ulcers. One systematic review , one meta-analysis  and three randomized controlled trials [104–106] comparing open and laparoscopic approach to gastroduodenal perforations were published.