Zhou et al [100] have made a distinction between adsorption and

Zhou et al. [100] have made a distinction between adsorption and absorption. Adsorption is a surface phenomenon, while absorption

depends on the concentration, size factors and temperature. Both adsorption and absorption PRI-724 molecular weight may occur simultaneously in plants [159]. The uptake of nanoparticles may be checked in plants, but adsorption is the accumulation of nanoparticles that remains on the surface of the plants. The adsorbed CuO nanoparticles on the root surface were checked in the presence of complexing agents such as Na4EDTA and NaOAC. It is however very interesting to believe that EDTA dissolves CuO nanoparticles by forming complex with released Cu2+. According to this metathesis, free Cu2+ will not be available for subsequent reaction with EDTA, rather Na+ is replaced by Cu2+ ions leading to the formation of Cu2(EDTA). The equilibrium between CuO nanoparticles and Cu2(EDTA) depends on the quantum of Na4EDTA added and that of CuO nanoparticles present. Since the authors insist that the equilibrium between CuO nanoparticles and Cu2+ is lost, the dissolution of CuO nanoparticles is enhanced. It is not true because the number of moles of EDTA-Cu complex MRT67307 datasheet produced will correspond to the number of moles of EDTA added. The speculation that Cu nanoparticles adhered to the root is only due to

complex formation may selleck not be true, as there must be some complexing agent exuded by the root hairs. The adsorption of CuO nanoparticles by wheat root is concentration dependent. The authors have unnecessarily compared the adsorption with the uptake of nanoparticles [100]. The amount of nanoparticles adsorbed is actually retained on the surface due to electrostatic force, and fewer particles are absorbed into the plant system. When CuO nanoparticles are adhered to the outer surface of the root, they may not be transported to the cells unless they are absorbed. The absorption and uptake are synonymous in the present context because wherever it is absorbed it is in fact taken up by the plant.

The authors have concluded that Na4EDTA increases the solubility of CuO nanoparticles, if it is the case, a mixture of CuO learn more nanoparticles and Na4EDTA should be administered to the plant instead of taking the troublesome route of adherence of nanoparticles and their subsequent dissolution by Na4EDTA for absorption. Contradictory reports have been received on the application of CuO nanoparticles on plants. While CuO nanoparticles have been shown to absorb in wheat, it has been reported to produce adverse effect on maize plants [160]. It has been reported that CuO nanoparticles have apparently no effect on the germination of maize seeds; nevertheless, it increased chlorosis and inhibited the growth of maize seedlings when exposed to 100 mg L-1 CuO nanoparticles.

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