CONCLUSION: In most cases, and with optimum contro


CONCLUSION: In most cases, and with optimum control of intraocular inflammation, cataract surgery improved the visual outcome in children with chronic uveitis. Intraocular lens implantation was well tolerated in most cases, which may result in optimal vision.”
“Objectives: To compare the effects of the beta-blocker atenolol with

the angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) losartan on plasma tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) activity and mass concentration, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) activity, tPA/PAI-1 complex, and von Willebrand factor (VWF). Design: A prespecified, explorative substudy in 22 patients with hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) performed buy SYN-117 within randomized multicenter, double-blind prospective study. Results: After a median of 36 weeks of treatment, there were significant differences between the treatment groups, atenolol versus losartan, in plasma median levels of tPA mass (11.9 vs 7.3 ng/mL, P = .019), PAI-1 activity (20.7 vs 4.8 IU/mL, P = .030), and tPA/PAI-1 complex (7.1 vs 2.5 ng/mL, P = .015). In patients 4SC-202 treated with atenolol, median levels of tPA mass (8.9-11.9 ng/mL, P = .021) and VWF (113.5%-134.3%, P = .021) increased significantly, indicating a change toward a more prothrombotic state. No significant changes occurred in the losartan group. Conclusion: Losartan treatment

was associated with preserved fibrinolytic balance compared to a more prothrombotic fibrinolytic and hemostatic state in the atenolol group. These findings suggest different fibrinolytic and hemostatic responses to treatment in hypertensive patients with LVH.”
“Methods: Our group preformed a PubMed literature search to identify cases of symptomatic SVCS that developed following implantation of permanent pacemakers or implanatable cardioverter defibrillators and were treated with one of five different E7080 in vitro modalities: anticoagulation, thrombolysis, venoplasty, stenting, and surgical reconstuction. Duration

of follow-up and incidence of recurrence of symptoms were the main end-points.

Results: One hundred and four eligible cases from 74 different publications were identified, in which SVCS presented at a median of 48 (range 0-396) months after device implantation. We found that over the last 40 years, conservative treatments have been replaced by surgical reconstruction, and most recently by stenting, as the most common therapeutic modality employed. Anticoagulation, thrombolysis, and venoplasty alone were all associated with high recurrence rates. Surgery and stenting were more successful: recurrence rates were 12% and 5% over a median follow-up of 16 (range: 2-179) and 9.5 (range: 2-60) months, respectively.

Conclusions: Currently, transvenous stenting is the most common treatment used for pacemaker-related SVCS, usually with conservation of the implanted leads.

Based on HAQ-DI and MCSS, six categories representing various lev

Based on HAQ-DI and MCSS, six categories representing various levels of physical and emotional impairment were formed. Multivariate analysis of variance and a subsequent discriminant analysis were used to evaluate whether demographic and disease-related variables and coping strategies differed between these categories.

Results: Patients

with moderate to high impairment of physical function and emotional well-being reported significantly higher disease activity and a more frequent use of distancing this website and active problem solving coping strategies than patients with low-level impairment (p < 0.001-0.043). Furthermore, these patients reported experiencing significantly higher levels of helplessness (p < 0.001-0.032). Results from the discriminant analysis highlighted a combination of disease activity and helplessness to differentiate best between patients with either low or high impairment of physical function and emotional well-being (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: Aside from perceived disease activity, helplessness, and distancing as well as active problem solving allowed

for a good discrimination between the different levels of impairment of physical function and emotional well-being. Encouraging and educating patients on how to cognitively reframe their current situation might play a key role in reducing the level of helplessness resulting from impairments of physical function and emotional well-being. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Semin Arthritis IGF-1R inhibitor Rheum 42:482-491″
“Whether developments in palliative care have impacted on where cancer patients die is unknown. We investigated time trends in place of death for colorectal cancer.

Details were abstracted on 10,175 colorectal cancer deaths during 1994-2004. Time trends were analysed by joinpoint regression.

Nearly half (49%) of deaths occurred in acute hospitals,

29% at home, 13% in hospices and ISRIB 7% in nursing homes. Hospital deaths were unchanged over time. Hospice deaths rose from 6% in 1994 to 17% in 2003. Home deaths decreased significantly, but only in health boards with hospices [estimated annual percentage change (EAPC) = -3.6%, 95%CI -4.19 to -2.97%, p < 0.001]. Nursing home deaths rose significantly in areas without hospices (EAPC = 8.0%, 95%CI 2.27 to -13.94%, p = 0.011).

Most colorectal cancer deaths occur in hospital. Availability of hospice facilities is a key determinant of where the burden of death falls. The results suggest unmet demand for hospice care in Ireland.”
“Study Design. Questionnaire survey on leg cramps for patients with lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LCS).

Objective. To evaluate the prevalence of leg cramps in patients with LCS treated surgically and the relationship between leg cramps and the surgical outcomes.

Summary of Background Data.

This review will also describe the present state of the art and e

This review will also describe the present state of the art and emerging trends for the future.

Conclusions: From using explanted cells, glass electrodes, exogenous proliferation and hypoxia tracers, and others, there has been a move towards monitoring

expression and mutation of genes. Initially this was possible for just one or a few genes, but methods are now available which allow genome-wide monitoring at either the DNA or RNA level. The potential advantage of this evolution is not only to predict but also to understand potential PF-4708671 research buy causes of failure, allowing more rational and effective interventions. Comparative genomic hybridisation, mRNA expression profiling, microRNA profiling and promoter methylation profiling have all shown promise in finding signatures correlating with outcome, including after treatment involving radiotherapy. Expected trends for the future are: more signatures relevant to radiotherapy will be discovered; signatures will be refined and reduced to their essentials, such that genome-wide screening will give way to tailored signatures, quantifiable by routine non-array technology; more focus will be on assays predicting which pathway-specific radiosensitising drugs will be

effective (exploiting tumour weaknesses); more signatures will be subjected https://www.selleckchem.com/products/OSI-906.html to validation in randomised trials; and proteomics, DNA sequencing and imaging methods will play progressively increasing roles.”
“The management Of vascular disease requires knowledge of clinical assessment, pharmacotherapeutics, endovascular procedures and Vascular surgery. In Canada, interventional cardiology, vascular surgery, interventional radiology and neurosurgery specialists may be involved in the care of patients with vascular disease, and they all claim to have expertise and an advantage in treating specific patients. The present article identifies the sources of the potential ‘turf war’ BMS-777607 manufacturer in vascular medicine, and proposes some possible Solutions through reorganization of vascular care, with particular reference

to the modern era of Canadian medicine.”
“Objectives: To define the epidemiological impact of the overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) on sexual life. We therefore analyzed this issue in a large cohort of individuals participating in a health screening project. Patients and Methods: A total of 2,365 men and women completed the Bristol Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Questionnaire (BFLUTS). OAB was defined according to the International Continence Society (ICS). The impact of OAB on sexual life was assessed by a single question: ‘In general, how do your micturition problems affect your sexual life’. Results: A total of 1.199 men and 1.166 women with were analyzed. The overall prevalence of OAB was 13.9% (n = 329): 9.7% had OAB(dry) and 4.2% OAB(wet). A total of 17.

There were 2 recurrences among adults and 3 among children, all o

There were 2 recurrences among adults and 3 among children, all of whom presented with an infected neck mass and were treated with a second Sistrunk procedure. The recurrence rates and complications between children and adults were not significantly different.

Conclusions. The incidence of TDC was equal in males and females and had a bimodal distribution with similar incidence in children and adults. Adults were significantly more likely than children to present with a complaint other than mass or infection. The

Sistrunk procedure is recommended as the main choice of treatment. Cyst infection may have a role in recurrence. (Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2011;111:e1-e6)”
“Systemic vasculitides are rare and potentially life-threatening selleck compound library diseases. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA; formerly Wegener’s granulomatosis) and Churg Strauss syndrome (possibly to AZD6094 be renamed eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis; EGPA) are the 2 chief systemic vasculitides which may involve the upper respiratory

tract. Chronic allergic rhinitis and nasal polyposis in EGPA, and recurrent sinusitis and/or otitis in both conditions, are not specific and can thus represent real diagnostic challenges if they are the first manifestations of the disease. Nasal septum perforation, saddle nose deformity and/or subglottic stenosis (SGS), although not totally specific, are more suggestive of GPA. Because upper airway manifestations often tend to be refractory to systemic therapy and/or to linger, local treatment represents a major aspect of management of the condition, especially for patients with SGS.”
“The electrically induced persistent resistance change in perovskite Pr0.7Ca0.3MnO3 films sandwiched by metallic electrodes is analyzed with respect to noble electrode materials (Pt, Au, and Ag) and geometric

arrangement by electrical transport measurements. Comparing switching behavior in symmetric and asymmetric electrode interfaces gives evidence for identifying the active, single interface in the switching process. The interaction of two opposing interfaces can lead to an observed switching polarity inversion in different current density regimes in the otherwise well defined GSK126 bipolar behavior. The different noble metals exhibit a quite similar switching behavior, but a lower interfacial resistance seems to favor switching. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3610429]“
“Background Psychotic illness following childbirth is a relatively rare but severe condition with unexplained etiology. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of maternal background characteristics and obstetric factors on the risk of postpartum psychosis, specifically among mothers with no previous psychiatric hospitalizations.

Methods and Findings We investigated incidence rates and potential maternal and obstetric risk factors of psychoses after childbirth in a national cohort of women who were first-time mothers from 1983 through 2000 (n=745,596).

“OBJECTIVES: Empyema is a well-known complication followin

“OBJECTIVES: Empyema is a well-known complication following lung resection. In particular,

empyema caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is difficult to treat. Here, we present our experience of MRSA empyema treated with local irrigation using arbekacin.

METHODS: Six patients consisted of 4 males and 2 females with an average age of 65.7 years. They developed MRSA empyema following lung resection and were treated at our institution between 2007 and 2011. Cases comprised four primary and one metastatic lung cancer, and 1 patient was a living lung transplantation donor. The surgical procedure selleck chemicals consisted of four lobectomies, one segmentectomy and one wedge resection. After diagnosis of MRSA empyema, anti-MRSA drugs were administered intravenously in all cases. In addition, arbekacin irrigation at a dose of 100 mg dissolved in saline was performed after irrigation with saline only.

RESULTS: The average number of postoperative days for the diagnosis of MRSA empyema was 13 (range 4-19). The period of irrigation ranged from 6 to 46 days. Arbekacin

irrigation did not induce nephrotoxicity or other complications, and no bacteria resistant to arbekacin was detected in the thoracic cavity. We re-operated Alvespimycin datasheet on 1 case because he had pulmonary fistula and severe wound infection. At the time of removing the thoracic catheter, MRSA in the pleural effusion disappeared completely in 3 patients. The period until MRSA concentration in the pleural effusion became negative after starting arbekacin irrigation JIB-04 concentration ranged from 4 to 9 days. In the remaining cases, in which MRSA did not disappear, the catheter was removed because of no inflammatory reaction after stopping

irrigation and clamping the catheters. All patients were discharged from our institution without thoracic catheterization and no patients had relapsed during the follow-up period ranging from 6 to 44 months.

CONCLUSIONS: Irrigation of the thoracic cavity with arbekacin proved to be an effective, safe and readily available method for treating MRSA empyema following lung resection.”
“Vitamin D, an anti-inflammatory mediator, has potential benefits for physical and oral health. Although it is produced endogenously, some individuals have a greater need for dietary and supplemental sources. This repeated-measures cross-sectional study assessed associations between total vitamin D intake and periodontal health in older men. Participants were 562 members of the Department of Veterans Affairs Dental Longitudinal Study, mean age 62.9 years, who were examined 1 to 4 times between 1986 and 1998. A calibrated examiner measured probing pocket depth (PPD) and attachment loss (AL) on each tooth. Alveolar bone loss (ABL) was determined from radiographs. Severe periodontal disease was defined as PPD 5 mm on 1 tooth and AL 6 mm at 2 sites (not on same tooth), and moderate-to-severe alveolar bone loss as ABL 40% at 3 sites.

Statistically significant fall in blood pressure (BP) was 19 and

Statistically significant fall in blood pressure (BP) was 19 and 21 mm Hg for test doses of 30 and 100 mg/kg, respectively (p <= 0.05). Our current work confirms the folkloric uses

of F. tenacissima as spasmogenic, antispasmodic (in large doses) and antihypertensive drug.”
“Many RG-7112 clinical trial patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus are characterized by a typical dyslipidemia. This dyslipidemia includes hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL-C and mildly elevated LDL-C with a predominance of small dense LDL particles. The mechanisms leading to hypertriglyceridemia directly relate to insulin resistance and hyperglycemia. Both factors result in overproduction of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins from the liver, decreased clearance of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and, in some cases, an altered postprandial lipoprotein metabolism. The origin of low HDL-C and the predominance of small dense LDL is closely linked to hypertriglyceridemia. Although each of these abnormalities is probably related to atherosclerosis, it is unclear whether only one component and if so which one mediates most of the risk or whether the combination of lipid abnormalities is responsible for the excessive cardiovascular risk. Despite these uncertainties, current treatment recommendations focus on achieving a certain LDL-C goal. Therapeutic strategies include lifestyle changes, glucose control and specific lipid-lowering therapy. In most patients

statin therapy should be the first choice, if a lipid lowering drug is indicated, as outcome data have proven their effectiveness in diabetic subjects. In patients with eFT-508 clinical trial severe isolated hypertriglyceridemia fibrates may be used. In patients at very high risk, combination therapy to further lower LDL-C or to address LDL-C, HDL-C and triglycerides should be considered.”
“Sabo Wuse, a resettlement in Tafa Local Government Area of Niger State inhabits the original inhabitants of Wuse Ruboxistaurin in Abuja, the Federal Capital of Nigeria. Despite the close proximity of about 65km

to the urban settlement of Abuja, Sabo Wuse is still a relatively remote settlement; their lifestyle remained more or less unchanged and therefore, relied on their traditional knowledge for health care delivery. Recent ethnobotanical survey in Sabo Wuse has documented plants not indigenous to the area. In view of this, a survey was carried out to identify and document plants and animal materials sold by the Yan-shimfidas in the local settlement and to study their uses in treatment of ailments and other socio-cultural problems. The result shows that most of the herb sellers of Sabo Wuse were immigrants from the northern part of the country who had stayed in the village of Sabo Wuse for over twenty years. Thirty-four different plant species in twenty-one different families were documented. These were in the form of stem barks, leaves, roots, fruits, seeds, flower buds and fruit juices.


subjects with PRA >= 50% only 57% were transplanted


subjects with PRA >= 50% only 57% were transplanted by I year on the waitlist, as compared with 76% of those with PRA <10%. Waitlist mortality for the highly allosensitized subjects (>= PRA 50%) was 19% by 12 months. Survival at I year after transplantation was significantly lower in those with PRA >= 50% versus those with PRA <10% (73% vs 90%, respectively, p < 0.0001). Those with elevated PRA who had a negative prospective crossmatch had no difference in survival compared with those without allosensitization. There was no significant association between PRA levels and time to first rejection or development of coronary allograft vasculopathy.

CONCLUSIONS: Significant allosensitization is associated with more than a 2-fold increased risk of death within the first transplant year. Although prospective crossmatching abrogates the risk of post-transplant click here mortality, it may contribute to higher pre-transplant attrition

due to longer waitlist times. There is a critical need for strategies to minimize the impact of allosensitization and antibody-mediated rejection immediately after transplantation. J Heart Lung Transplant 2011;30:1221-7 (C) 2011 International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. All rights reserved.”
“BACKGROUND: Acute rejection affects more than 36% of recipients within the first year post-transplantation. The interleukin-2 (IL-2) receptor antagonist basiliximab has been ACP-196 mw associated with decreased frequency and severity of acute rejection. We investigated whether the timing of induction administration would impact the frequency and severity of acute rejection in

the first year after transplantation.

METHODS: In this study we reviewed 119 patients who underwent lung transplantation at Henry Ford Hospital from October 1994 to January 2009. Prior to January 2000 no patients received induction. From January 2000 to March 2006 the initial dose was given after implantation, and from March 2006 to 2009 basiliximab was given prior to implantation. The primary outcome was cumulative acute rejection score (CAR) in the first post-operative year comparing post- vs pre-implant induction.

RESULTS: The CAR score for pre-implant this website basiliximab was 2.5 +/- 2.3. This was significantly lower than CAR score of 4.6 +/- 3.9 in the post-implant group (p = 0.025). The no-induction group had the highest CAR score at 6.3 +/- 3.8 (p = 0.077 compared with the post group). The mean follow-up times in the post and pre group were 5.9 +/- 2.3 and 2.3 +/- 0.7 years, respectively (p < 0.001). There was no difference in freedom from bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS), survival or invasive infections between pre- and post-implant induction groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Basiliximab prior to implant is associated with a lower cumulative acute rejection score over 1 year compared with induction post-implantation. Despite a lower cumulative acute rejection score, there was no significant difference in freedom from BOS or survival.

Clinical and neuroimaging data of VaMCI

Clinical and neuroimaging data of VaMCI buy RAD001 individuals (n=15) were compared to normal controls (NC, n=11) and correlated with Fazekas scale. Results: VaMCI performed significantly worse than NC in Trail-Making Test (TMT) B, errors in TMT B, difference TMT B-A and Cambridge Cognitive Examination (CAMCOG) final

scores. Correlations were found among scores in modified Fazekas scale and performances in TMT B (time to complete and errors), difference TMT B-A and CAMCOG total score. Conclusion: Extension of white matter hyperintensities might be correlated to poorer global cognition and impairments in a set of fronto-executive functions, such as cognitive speed, set shifting and inhibitory control in VaMCI.”
“Objective: To describe 3 cases of pneumolabyrinth after penetrating injury to the middle ear and to review previously reported cases, comparing precipitating factors and hearing outcomes.

Data Sources: Three

cases we encountered and the PubMed and Japan Medical Abstracts Society databases.

Study Selections: In addition to our 3 cases, we identified 48 cases from 41 articles regarding pneumolabyrinth.

Data Extractions: All articles describing cases of pneumolabyrinth were used for this review.

Data Synthesis: Among the 51 cases, audiologic evaluation was not available in 16 cases. In the remaining 35 cases, hearing outcomes were analyzed focusing on 3 factors: 1) differences selleck chemical in and interval until medical intervention, 2) existence of stapes lesions, and 3) extension of air bubble into the inner ear. We failed to find any significant differences in interventions, although operation less than 2 weeks after injury tended to be associated with a higher rate of hearing recovery (54%) than operation 2 weeks or longer after injury (25%). Furthermore, 11 (48%) of 23 cases with pneumolabyrinth limited to the vestibule or semicircular canals

showed improved hearing, whereas none of 6 cases (0%) with pneumolabyrinth extending from the vestibular Cyclosporin A supplier organs to the cochlea showed hearing recovery. This difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: Assessment of the location and extension of pneumolabyrinth appears important in predicting hearing outcomes and planning the management of middle and inner ear trauma.”
“OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effects of surgeon and hospital volume on perioperative morbidity and mortality in women who underwent hysterectomy for endometrial cancer.

METHODS: Patients who underwent abdominal hysterectomy for endometrial cancer between 2003 and 2007 and who recorded in an inpatient, acute-care database were examined. Procedure-associated intraoperative, perioperative, and postoperative medical complications, as well as hospital readmission, length of stay, intensive care unit (ICU) use, and mortality were examined. Surgeons and hospitals were stratified into volume-based tertiles and outcomes analyzed using multivariable, generalized estimating equations.

The syndrome has a mortality rate of approximately 35% and usuall

The syndrome has a mortality rate of approximately 35% and usually requires invasive mechanical ventilation. ALI can follow direct pulmonary

insults, such as pneumonia, or occur indirectly as a result of blood-borne LY3023414 price insults, commonly severe bacterial sepsis. Although animal models of ALI have been developed, none of them fully recapitulate the human disease. The differences between the human syndrome and the phenotype observed in animal models might, in part, explain why interventions that are successful in models have failed to translate into novel therapies. Improved animal models and the development of human in vivo and ex vivo models are therefore required. In this article, we consider the clinical features of ALI, discuss the limitations of current animal models and highlight how emerging human models of ALI might help to answer high throughput screening assay outstanding questions about this syndrome.”
“A series of thermosensitive hydrogels containing adamantyl groups were fabricated

by copolymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide and adamantyl methacrylate (AdMA). The thermal properties of such copolymeric hydrogels were studied by differential scanning calorimetry. The mechanical properties were emphasized through compression, tension, and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). Moreover, Rubber elasticity theory was used to evaluate the network parameters based on compressive stressstrain measurements. The results indicate that both the microstructure and physical properties strongly depend on the quantity of AdMA in the copolymeric gels. As the content of AdMA increases, the volume phase transition temperature of hydrogels decreases linearly, and the mechanical strength can be significantly improved, the effective crosslinking density (nu(e)) increases monotonously, while the polymer-water interaction parameter (chi)

decreases first and then increases with AdMA content. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012″
“Sugammadex is the first selective relaxant binding agent which was originally designed to reverse the steroidal NMB drug rocuronium. The results of recent studies demonstrate that sugammadex is effective for reversal of rocuronium and ve.curonium-induced neuromuscular block without apparent side-effects. This is KU-55933 nmr in contrast to the currently available cholinesterase inhibitors used to reverse neuromuscular block and which are even ineffective against profound neuromuscular block and have a number of undesirable side-effects. Sugammadex-rocuronium complexes are highly hydrophilic and it has been demonstrated that sugammadex is excreted in a rapid and dose-dependent manner in urine, resulting in a complete elimination from the body. The ability of sugammadex to reverse rocuronium and vecuronium-induced neuromuscular block may have major implications for routine anesthetic practice.

However, residual shunting was detected in four more TAO patients

However, residual shunting was detected in four more TAO patients. This study confirmed the long-term safety and efficacy of VATS clipping of PDA. Compared with TAO, PDA interrupted with VATS can achieve both excellent clinical results and satisfying cost effectiveness. The cost for VATS is only a little more than one third the cost for TAO.”
“Treatment of breast cancer in the adjuvant setting has changed rapidly over the last few years. In addition to improvements

in chemotherapy, radiation, hormone manipulation, and surgery, immunotherapy has emerged as an effective adjunct for the treatment of breast cancer. Passive immunotherapeutic agents such as trastuzumab Selleckchem IPI-549 have been widely adopted as the standard of care for HER-2/neu overexpressing breast cancer. Vaccine therapy in the metastatic setting has yet to demonstrate clinical significance in a phase III testing. This may be due to the enhanced immunosuppressive effects demonstrated in the tumor microenvironment. Lack of co-stimulatory molecules, activation of the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4), increased T regulatory cells as well as soluble immunosuppressive factors produced by the tumor contribute AR-13324 cost to the ineffectiveness of vaccine therapy. Based on

these observations, there has been a shift towards treating patients with minimal residual disease and a high risk of relapse. In this adjuvant setting, immune mechanisms of tumor evasion are less formidable, Erastin cell line and the use of vaccine therapy in these patients may offer a higher chance of clinical benefit. There are several different vaccine approaches, including the use of cell-based vaccines (autologous, allogeneic, or dendritic cell-based), tumor-associated peptide or protein vaccines, DNA vaccines, heat shock proteins, and recombinant technology using viral or bacterial vectors to enhance immunogenicity of vaccine preparations. This review summarizes principles involving vaccine formulation

and antigen selection, followed by a brief synopsis of therapeutic vaccines given in the metastatic setting and possible reasons for their lack of efficacy. The current literature regarding vaccine development for the treatment of breast cancer in the adjuvant setting is also reviewed.”
“Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is a common surgical treatment for obesity. Evidence for and against the association of aerobic exercise (AE) and weight loss after LAGB exists. We hypothesize that aerobic exercise is associated with improved weight loss and resolution of comorbidities after LAGB.

A review of a prospectively collected database identified patients who underwent LAGB over a 3-year period at a single institution. Body mass index (BMI), comorbidities, frequency, and duration of exercise were collected preoperatively and at 6, 12, 24, and 36 months postoperatively. Excess weight loss (EWL) was calculated. Groups were analyzed using Fisher’s exact test and ANOVA.